Visiting the Mount Samat National Shrine is educating to the point when I realized how fortunate I am and my generation to feel the perks of freedom and peace.

Those Who Fought and Died – Dambana ng Kagitingan

The Mt. Samat National Shrine gave me the chance to gain insights not only based on Philippine history textbooks.

The Museum Building
The Museum Building

How To Get There?

Like the Shrine of Kim Tae Gon in Bulacan, the Mount Samat National Shrine marks a historical timeline. It took me around 2 hours to reach the site from our town (Sta. Maria, Bulacan) including the proverbial monstrous traffic jam in NLEX Bocaue Exit.

The North Luzon Expressway and SCTEX road trip was great once you survived the Bocaue Toll Gate nightmare. From the exit in Mabalacat, Pampanga, everything was a smooth ride.

Bataan is very accessible. From Manila, the travel time will take more or less 1 1/2 hours via NLEX (North Luzon Expressway). Bus companies that ply the 124 km route also service the commuting public from Manila to Bataan.

SCTEx, connects Clark to Subic, which makes Bataan even more accessible to more cities. This allows more commuters to reach their destination in no time at all.

The roads to Pilar, Bataan were good and you would give a sigh of relief when you see the wonderful sceneries. The Mt. Samat National Shrine is a treat for nature lovers.

Historical Weapons used in the Battle of Bataan
Historical Weapons used in the Battle of Bataan
The Event Center
The Event Center
More War Machines
More War Machines

Located near the summit of Mount Samat in Bataan, Philippines, the national shrine, is situated 555 meters above sea level. It is also called the Dambana ng Kagitingan, or Mountain of Valour.

As we went up by private vehicle, I saw bikers and hikers as they enjoyed the climb from the lowest point to the peak where a huge cross could be found.

Be careful as it will be a long walk uphill.

A very very long climb to see the Mount Samat Cross
A very very long climb to see the Mount Samat Cross
Sculpted figures illustrating the Battle of Bataan
Sculpted figures illustrating the Battle of Bataan

Why Is There A Giant Cross?

Considered to be the second largest cross in the world, it was quite an accomplishment to see it and feel the marble it is made of. The giant cross in Mount Samat National Shrine has carvings of significant historical figures.

The white Memorial Cross stands as a remembrance to the soldiers who fought and lost their lives in the Battle of Bataan. Too bad the elevator was not working the day I got there. According to a fellow traveller, you can see the panoramic view of Bataan up there.

Instead, I enjoyed the view from where I stood and it was a breathtaking sight of Bataan and according to some locals, you can see the Corregidor Island and Manila on a clear day. It wasn’t clear when we got there, unfortunately.

The Giant Cross in Mount Samat
The Giant Cross in Mount Samat
The Giant Cross, in view from the front of the museum
The Giant Cross, in view from the front of the museum

The War Museum

The experience of seeing the War Museum in the distance was awesome. Then I was informed that it is located below the building (Underground Museum). So I started my way back at the foot of the place to visit the museum and to learn more about World War II.

The exhibit brought me goose bumps since it was my first time to see the actual armaments used during World War II and I could feel the pain and sufferings of our gallant Filipino soldiers who risked their lives during the defense of the last stronghold of the Filipino-American forces against the Japanese Imperial Army.

"Dambana ng Kagitingan"
"Dambana ng Kagitingan"
Carved Symbols depicting the Battle of Bataan
Carved Symbols depicting the Battle of Bataan
The Museum is Beneath the structure
The Museum is Beneath the structure
Images from the War
Images from the War
Inside Mount Samat Museum
Inside Mount Samat Museum

The overview of Bataan Peninsula gave me an idea of the different armed forces as they strengthened with their allies in the different bays. As the Filipino and American soldiers held their last stand, the agony of the Bataan Death March was looming along the way.

Peace In Our Time

This is the kind of trip that touches the heart. Sometimes, people get too preoccupied with political turmoil and struggle.

They tend to take for granted how lucky Filipinos are. I think it is because, during the Japanese occupation, brave soldiers gave their lives to achieve what the Philippines enjoy now.

Inside Mount Samat Museum
Inside Mount Samat Museum
The Top Part of the Museum - The Museum itself is below this structure
The Top Part of the Museum - The Museum itself is below this structure

Let us show gratitude by appreciating the places built for our heroes. Visit “Dambana ng Kagitingan“ or Mt. Samat National Shrine located at Pilar, province of Bataan.

Danny Kaye, an American actor once said, “To travel is to take journey into yourself.” Indeed, with the numerous trips I have made for the past years, I have learned more about myself rather than learning about people and places.

If you finish your tour at Mount Samat National Shrine early, another nearby place worth visiting is the Pawikan Conservation Center.

A Beautiful View of Bataan
A Beautiful View of Bataan
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